Perfect Finish-Machining for Turbochargers

The production of turbocharger components is one of the most demanding tasks in automotive manufacturing, At EMAG, we deliver speed and precision with our complete production line solutions.

Turbocharger Production—A New Manufacturing System for Turbochargers Ensures a Fast Process

Turbochargers are essential in increasing the performance of a modern car engine. These parts are responsible for compressing the fresh air that is sucked in to the engine, and then pressing it into the combustion chambers. With this process, higher outputs are made possible for the current engine sizes, or the engine can be downsized to achieve the same output with a smaller engine. The shaft inside the turbocharger rotates at up to 290,000 revolutions per minute (rpm). This puts an extreme amount of stress on the parts at high temperatures. To combat this, developers rely on high-performance materials that can withstand temperatures of more than 1,000 degrees. How can a system be created to efficiently and reliably finish-machine a welded turbine shaft including the turbine wheel? 

New Line Solution Ensures Fast Processes

With EMAG, you will get a complete line solution all from a single source. On this system, the part will run through five main processes – from pre-turning to induction hardening, all the way to the grinding of shafts, wheels and shoulders. Electrochemical balancing on a machine from EMAG ECM completes the cycle. 

Turbocharger Line at a Glance

The entire production line to finish-machine turbochargers comes from a single source, is reliable, and very fast, as the cycle time of about 40 to 50 seconds for passenger car shafts illustrates. The cycle time decreases accordingly for smaller shafts. After the final balancing is performed, the workpiece has reached it finish quality.  

Turbocharger line in detail: Reaching “final quality” in just five operations


1.    VTC 100: Vertical pre-turning of shaft and wheel in a single clamping operation

Highlights of the machine (not exhaustive):

  • Fast and reliable four-axis machining
  • Shaft centering with driven tools
  • Integrated workpiece storage
  • Simultaneous loading/unloading

2.    MIND-M 1000: Induction heating process to relieve component stresses in welded areas

Highlights of the machine (not exhaustive):

  • Hanging spindle with chuck for safe clamping 
  • Modular design for individual heating and hardening tasks 
  • Minimal footprint 
  • Precise temperature control and extensive process monitoring 

3.    HG 204: Horizontal main grinding operation on shaft and shoulder

Highlights of the machine (not exhaustive):

  • Integrated diameter and length measurement
  • Dressing unit for corundum grinding wheels
  • High grinding wheel drive power
  • High precision linear roller guides and absolute measuring systems in all axes
  • Simple handling and outstanding accessibility

4.    VLC 200 GT: Vertical grinding of ring grooves and of turbine wheel wing contour

Highlights of the machine (not exhaustive):

  • Integrated pick-up automation system for short chip-to-chip times
  • Free chip flow
  • Outstanding accessibility
  • High-precision complete machining in a single clamping operation

5.    CI 400: Balancing the entire turbine wheel using electrochemical machining

Highlights of the machine (not exhaustive):

  • Single balancing process 
  • No thermal damage to material 
  • Virtually no tool wear 
  • Extensive process monitoring 

A line cycle time of only 50 seconds

Five operations from pre-turning and induction heat treatment to grinding all the way to electrochemical balancing—EMAG’s interlinked production system handles the entire finish-machining of turbochargers from end to end. A part leaves the line every 50 seconds in “final quality.” In three-shift operation, this results in an output of 420,000 to 450,000 turbine rotors per year.

Turbocharger Website Grafik E N


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